There are different types of computer networks. It is through them that any kind of information is transmitted to another device. When 2 devices of any kind connect with each other and share any kind of information, then it is called network. The complete design of the network, how to prepare it, what are its types, it is called topology. In this article, you have been provided complete information about what is topology, and what is network topology.

If you work in an office or do some kind of work in which you have to make more use of these networks and computers, then you must have knowledge of topology. To perform such tasks, it is necessary to understand Topology, Star Topology, Bus Topology, Network Topology, and Ring Topology. So now we will know completely about what is Topology (What is Topology in Hindi), Topology Ki Definition so that you will be able to use it.

## What is Topology?

The shape and layout of the network is called topology. How the nodes in the network are connected to each other and how they communicate with each other is determined by the topology itself. It is of two types, Physics and Logical. The way computers are interconnected is called topology.

What is Network Topology:

Network topology is the way in which the links and nodes of a network are arranged to interconnect with each other. It refers to the physical structure between different nodes, which means a logical arrangement of network wiring. In other words, the data exchange between computers through the network makes the network topology possible.

With this, now you must have understood what is network topology, let us now tell you how many types of network topologies are there.

The network topology is of the following types. This type of network topology is used to build the network.

The following are the types of network topology –

Bus Topology
Ring Topology
Star Topology
Tree Topology
Hybrid Topology

1. Bus Topology:

In this, all the computers are connected by a wire. This is also a type of network. In this, each network device is connected by a single cable. At the beginning and end of this cable, there is a main type of device which is the terminator. It keeps the signals under control. In this, all the computers are connected in a single line. Terminator is used for this. After understanding Bus Topology Definition, we also know the benefits of it.

2. Ring Topology:

This network acts as a kind of ring. This network connects the last computer to the first computer. In this, the device is connected to two nearby devices. Each device has two NICs (Network Interface Cards). In this way a circle of the network is formed from which the data flows in only one direction.

Ring topology network has some advantages, it has been told to you further.

Its network speed is very good.
The cost of installing it is also less.
This topology is also easy to manage.
It does not require any central device.

3. Star Topology:

In this topology, all the computers are connected to a hub or only by a single cable. If you do not know about Network Hub, then for this you can take help of this post Network Hub Kya Hai and Network Hub Kaise Kaam Karta Hai. Star topology is the most commonly used. In this, the central network device acts as a server and all other computers act as clients.

In this topology, if there is any problem in the hub or switch, then the whole network gets spread, but if there is any problem in any local computer system, then there is no effect on its network.

4. Tree Topology:

Tree topology is like a tree. This topology is considered similar to star topology or bus topology. Just as there is a main computer in star topology, it also has a main computer and just as in bus topology all computers are connected by a wire, the same happens in tree topology.

It contains Point to Point Connection of the device.
It is easy to grow a network in tree topology.
It is also very easy to install.

There is difficulty in its maintenance.
It requires a large cable.
This topology is also expensive.
If one computer or node fails, the networks of all the child nodes are also unable to function.

5. Hybrid Topology:

When two or more topologies are used to form a network, then it is called hybrid topology, e.g. if one topology is combined with another topology and after that the topology that will be formed is called hybrid topology.

Conclusion:

Topology Kya Hai We have tried to explain this technical information to you in a very simple way. Now every time you use it, you will find it very easy to use each topology. If you have any other questions or suggestions related to topology, then you can tell by commenting, we will definitely contact you.